To a problem on limitation of a field of application classic mechanics
translated from Russian by Jury Sarychev
In the beginning 20 centuries in physics happened events, which one strongly changed its contents. There were two reasons lying in the ground of these events.
The first reason was that all attempts to be out from empiricism of a classic mechanics and from its logic of construction have appeared unsuccessful. In spite of the fact that the researchers were not satisfied with impossibility of extract directly from this theory neither principles of a short-range interaction, nor mechanism of gravitation, nor properties of world medium, with which one all this connected.
Attempts to be pulled out from rigid frame of a classic mechanics within the framework of the definite rules have resulted in occurrence of its several versions constructed on the basis of different sets of initial principles. From that one three principles were constant: Euclidean space, Newtonian time and law of conservation of mass. It is a power mechanics of a Newton – Euler – Laplace. It, so-called field mechanics, based on a principle of least action of Mopertuy, Euler and Lagrange, on an energy conservation law of Lagrange, Hamilton, Jacoby and Ostrogradskiy. And, at last, it is a forceless mechanics of Hertz.
- 23. März 2013