The Ritz Ballistic Theory & Adjusting the Speed of Light to c near the Earth and Other Celestial Bodies

by Nina B. Sotina and Nadia Lvov

The Ritz Ballistic Theory & Adjusting the Speed of Light to c near the Earth and Other Celestial Bodies

Vortrag vom 09.07.2011 bei der 18. Internationalen Konferenz der Natural Philosophy Alliance, College Park, Maryland, USA

In 1908 Walter von Ritz suggested that the speed of light is equal to the constant c only when measured relative to the source. Ritz systematically redeveloped Maxwellian
electrodynamics bringing it into agreement with this hypothesis. Assuming that c is the speed of light at the output of the light source and that the law of velocity addition from classical mechanics is valid for the case of a moving source, the results of the famous Michelson-Morley experiment, the aberration of starlight, and a number of other related experimental results come into agreement. The single objection to the hypothesis at that time was provided by astronomical observations of the motion of binary stars. The Ritz theory came to an end with the work of W. de Sitter (1913) who claimed to have a convincing argument for showing that the hypothesis of Ritz was inconsistent with the results of spectroscopic observations of binary stars. A hidden postulate in de Sitter’s argument, however, is that the speed of light propagating from the stars is not affected by anything. To refute de Sitter’s argument, it would be sufficient to assume that the speed of light adjusts to the value of c at the vicinity of Earth and other celestial bodies. The authors show that this assumption added to the Ritz hypothesis explains well spectroscopic observations of the binary stars. This combined hypothesis: the Ritz ballistic hypothesis and the adjustment of the speed of light to c near celestial bodies (in particular near the Earth), also explains experiments performed at CERN in 1964. An additional argument in favor of the suggested hypothesis is the derivation of the formula for the transverse Doppler Effect presented in this work.

…den ganzen Artikel lesen

Eine Antwort zu “The Ritz Ballistic Theory & Adjusting the Speed of Light to c near the Earth and Other Celestial Bodies”

  1. Jean de Climont

    dissident scientists list
    Dear Sir,

    The associated engineers of Jean de Climont associates Ltd have just completed the updating of their dissident scientists list.

    It incudes nearly 7000 names. It is now presented in the form of a directory.
    It includes for each scientist the home page, the category, some key words related to his position. There are also categories intended for easy searching of main topics.

    You may consult the list (HTML format) within our home page, domain name

    The directory is also available within Google Books reference :

    Our list has not the same objective as NPA-World SCI (gigantic database including papers), Ekkehard Friebe (database including papers), and Dr. Gertrude Walton (lists of critics). We don’t intend to challenge these databases. We are not publisher of papers either. There are some with a fully opened mind such as Galilean Electrodynamics , General Science Journal (formerly Walter Babin) and Physics Essays.

    Our objective is to give a general overview of the dissidence allowing for obtaining a statistical approach which is the basis of our book: The failure of pure science.

    The first part of this book is devoted to the main critics of the mainstream paradigm; the second part presents some explanation of the main alternative paradigms available in the Internet. We found 738 detailed presentations of systems of the world. There are nor two identical neither even similar!

    A list of the main experiments involved is also included with some explanations.

    Yours very truly

    the associated engineers

Hinterlassen Sie eine Antwort

Erlaubter XHTML-Code: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>